Below is a list of common, environmentally safe products that can be used alone or in combination for numerous household chores.
- Baking Soda: Cleans, deodorizes, softens water, scours.
- Borax: Cleans, deodorizes, disinfects, softens water, cleans wallpaper, painted walls and floors.Citrus Solvent – cleans paint brushes, oil and grease, some stains. (Citrus solvent may cause skin, lung or eye irritations for people with multiple chemical sensitivities.)
- Cornstarch: Used to clean windows, polish furniture, shampoo carpets and rugs.
- Isopropyl Alcohol: Excellent disinfectant. (It has been suggested to replace this with ethanol or 100 proof alcohol in solution with water. There is some indication that isopropyl alcohol buildup contributes to illness in the body.
- Lemon: One of the strongest food-acids, effective against most household bacteria.
- Soap: unscented soap in liquid form, flakes, powders or bars is biodegradable and will clean just about anything. Avoid using soaps which contain petroleum distillates.
- Washing Soda: or SAL Soda is sodium carbonate decahydrate, a mineral. Washing soda cuts grease, removes stains, softens water, cleans wall, tiles, sinks and tubs. Use care, as washing soda can irritate mucous membranes. Do not use on aluminum.
- White Vinegar: cuts grease, removes mildew, odors, some stains and wax build-up.
Homemade Cleaning Solvent Recipes
Combinations of the products listed above provide less harmful substitutions for many commercial cleaning products. In most cases, these are also less expensive, so you can try making your own cleaning products using the formulas listed below.
It is best to keep all home-made formulas in well-labeled containers/spray bottles, and out of the reach of children.
- Mix 1/2 cup vinegar and 1/4 cup baking soda (or 2 teaspoons borax) into 1/2 gallon (2 liters) water.
- Use for removal of water deposit stains on shower stall panels, bathroom chrome fixtures, windows, bathroom mirrors, etc.
Another alternative is to use microfiber cloths that lift off dirt, grease and dust without the need for cleaning chemicals, as they are formulated to penetrate and trap dirt. There are a number of different brands, and good quality cloths can last for several years.
- Baking soda or vinegar with lemon juice in small dishes absorbs odors around the house.
- Having houseplants helps reduce odors in the home.
- Prevent cooking odors by simmering vinegar (1 tbsp in 1 cup water) on the stove while cooking. To get such smells as fish and onion off utensils and cutting boards, wipe them with vinegar and wash in soapy water.
- Keep fresh coffee grounds on the counter.
- Grind up a slice of lemon in the garbage disposal.
- Simmer water and cinnamon or other spices on stove.
- Place bowls of fragrant dried herbs, citrus fruit and flowers in room.
Mold in bathroom tile grout is a common problem and can become a health concern.
- Mix one part hydrogen peroxide (3%) with two parts water in a spray bottle and spray on areas with mold.
- Wait at least one hour before rinsing or using shower.
- Mix equal parts white vinegar and water in a spray bottle.
- Spray directly on stain, then let sit for several minutes, and clean with a brush or sponge using warm soapy water.
When Using a Heavy Duty Carpet Cleaner:
- Mix 1/4 cup each of salt, borax and vinegar.
- Rub paste into carpet and leave for a few hours. Vacuum.
Fresh Grease Spots:
Sprinkle corn starch onto spot and wait 15 – 30 minutes before vacuuming.
Chopping Block/Cutting Board Cleaner:
- Rub a slice of lemon across a chopping block to disinfect the surface.
- For tougher stains, squeeze some of the lemon juice onto the spot and let sit for 10 minutes, then wipe.
Coffee & Tea Stains:
Stains in cups can be removed by applying vinegar to a sponge and wiping.
To clean a teakettle or coffee maker, add 2 cups water and 1/4 cup vinegar; bring to a boil. Let cool, wipe with a clean cloth and rinse thoroughly with water.
- Carpets – sprinkle baking soda several hours before vacuuming
- Plastic Storage Containers – soak overnight in warm water and baking soda
- Garbage Disposals – grind up lemon or orange peel in the unit
- Garages & Basements – set a sliced onion on a plate in center of room for 12 – 24 hours
Mix equal parts of borax and washing soda, but increase the washing soda if your water is hard.
(Commercial low-phosphate detergents are not themselves harmful, but phosphates nourish algae which use up oxygen in waterways.)
Add 2 or 3 tablespoons of vinegar to the warm, soapy water for tough jobs.
(This is not an antibacterial formula. The average kitchen or bathroom does not require antibacterial cleaners.)
- Mix 2 teaspoons borax, 4 tablespoons vinegar and 3 cups hot water.
- For stronger cleaning power add 1/4 teaspoon liquid castile soap.
- Wipe on with dampened cloth or use non-aerosol spray bottle.
To disinfect kitchen sponges, put them in the dishwasher when running a load.
- The resulting chemical reaction can break fatty acids down into soap and glycerine, allowing the clog to wash down the drain.
- Mix 1/2 cup salt in 4 liters water, heat (but not to a boil) and pour down the drain.
- For stronger cleaning, pour about 1/2 cup baking soda down the drain, then 1/2 cup vinegar.
- After 15 minutes, pour in boiling water to clear residue.
*Caution: Only use this method with metal plumbing, because plastic pipes can melt if excess boiling water is used.
*Also, do not use this method after trying a commercial drain opener–the vinegar can react with the drain opener to create dangerous fumes.
To reduce static cling, dampen your hands, then shake out your clothes as you remove them from the drier.
Line-drying clothing is another alternative.
Floor & Furniture Cleaners & Polish:
Most floor surfaces can be easily cleaned using a solution of vinegar and water. For damp-mopping wood floors: mix equal amounts of white distilled vinegar and water. Add 15 drops of pure peppermint oil; shake to mix.
- Vinyl & Linoleum: Mix 1 cup vinegar and a few drops of baby oil in 1 gallon warm water. For tough jobs, add 1/4 cup borox. Use sparingly on lineoleum.
- Wood: Apply a thin coat of 1:1 vegetable oil and vinegar and rub in well.
- Painted Wood: mix 1 teaspoon washing soda into 1 gallon (4L) hot water.
- Brick & Stone Tiles: mix 1 cup white vinegar in 1 gallon (4L) water; rinse with clear water.
- Add a few drops of lemon oil into a 1/2 cup warm water.
- Mix well and spray onto a soft cotton cloth. (Cloth should only be slightly damp)
- Wipe furniture with the cloth, and finish by wiping once more using a dry soft cotton cloth.
- Mix two tsps each of olive oil and lemon juice and apply a small amount to a soft cotton cloth.
- Wring the cloth to spread the mixture further into the material and apply to the furniture using wide strokes.
- This helps distribute the oil evenly.
- Mix 1 cup Ivory Soap (or Fels Naptha soap), 1/2 cup washing soda and 1/2 cup borax.
- Use 1 tbsp for light loads; 2 tbsp for heavy loads.
Lime Deposits in a Teakettle
- Put in 1/2 cup (125ml) white vinegar and 2 cups water, and gently boil for a few minutes.
- Rinse well with fresh water while kettle is still warm.
Remove Lime From Bathroom Fixtures
Squeeze lemon juice onto affected areas and let sit for several minutes before wiping with a clean with a wet cloth.
Marks on Walls & Painted Surfaces:
- Many ink spots, pencil, crayon or marker spots can be cleaned from painted surfaces using baking soda applied to a damp sponge.
- Rub gently, then wipe and rinse.
Metal Cleaners & Polishes:
Using a soft cloth, clean with a solution of cream of tartar and water.
Brass or Bronze:
- Polish with a soft cloth dipped in lemon and baking-soda solution, or vinegar and salt solution.
- Another method is to apply a dab of ketchup on a soft cloth and rub over tarnished spots.
Polish with baby oil, vinegar, or aluminum foil shiny side out.
- Soak a cotton rag in a pot of boiling water with 1 tablespoon salt and 1 cup white vinegar.
- Apply to copper while hot; let cool, then wipe clean.
- For tougher jobs, sprinkle baking soda or lemon juice on a soft cloth, then wipe. For copper cookware, sprinkle a lemon wedge with salt, then scrub.
- A simpler method is to apply a dab of ketchup on a soft cloth and rub over tarnished spots.
Clean with toothpaste, or a paste made from of salt, vinegar, and flour.
- Line a pan with aluminum foil and fill with water
- Add a teaspoon each of baking soda and salt.
- Bring to a boil and immerse silver.
- Polish with soft cloth.
Clean with a cloth dampened with undiluted white vinegar, or olive oil.
- Mix 4 tbs baking soda in 1 qt water, and apply using a soft cloth.
- Wipe dry using a clean cloth.
Stainless Steel Sinks:
Pour some club soda on an absorbent cloth to clean, then wipe dry using a clean cloth.
Mold and Mildew:
Use white vinegar or lemon juice full strength. Apply with a sponge or scrubber.
The common mothball is made of paradichlorobenzene, which is harmful to liver and kidneys. Cedar chips in a cheesecloth square, or cedar oil in an absorbent cloth will repel moths. The cedar should be ‘aromatic cedar’, also referred to as juniper in some areas.
Cedar chips are available at many craft supply stores, or make your own using a plane and a block of cedar from the lumberyard.
Homemade moth-repelling sachets can also be made with lavender, rosemary, vetiver and rose petals.
Dried lemon peels are also a natural moth deterrent – simply toss into clothes chest, or tie in cheesecloth and hang in the closet.
Oil & Grease Spots:
For small spills on the garage floor, add baking soda and scrub with wet brush.
- Moisten oven surfaces with sponge and water.
- Use 3/4 cup baking soda, 1/4 cup salt and 1/4 cup water to make a thick paste, and spread throughout oven interior. (avoid bare metal and any openings)
- Let sit overnight. Remove with spatula and wipe clean.
- Rub gently with fine steel wool for tough spots.
- Or use Arm & Hammer Oven Cleaner which declared nontoxic by Consumers Union.
Paint Brush Cleaner:
Non-toxic, citrus oil based solvents are now available commercially under several brand names. Citra-Solve is one brand. This works well for cleaning brushes of oil-based paints.
Paint brushes and rollers used for an on-going project can be saved overnight, or even up to a week, without cleaning at all. Simply wrap the brush or roller snugly in a plastic bag, such as a used bread or produce bag. Squeeze out air pockets and store away from light. Simply unwrap the brush or roller the next day and continue with the job.
Fresh paint odors can be reduced by placing a small dish of white vinegar in the room.
- Sprinkle a little salt on the rust, squeeze a lime over the salt until it is well soaked.
- Leave the mixture on for 2 – 3 hours.
- Use leftover rind to scrub residue.
- For top of stove, refrigerator and other such surfaces that should not be scratched, use baking soda.
- Apply baking soda directly with a damp sponge.
- Olive oil with a few drops of lemon juice can be applied to shoes with a thick cotton or terry rag.
- Leave for a few minutes; wipe and buff with a clean, dry rag.
Sticker Removal from Walls:
- To remove, sponge vinegar over stickers several times, and wait 15 minutes
- Rub off the stickers. This also works for price tags (stickers) on tools, etc.
Toilet Bowl Cleaner:
- Mix 1/4 cup baking soda and 1 cup vinegar, pour into basin and let it set for a few minutes.
- Scrub with brush and rinse.
- A mixture of borax (2 parts) and lemon juice (one part) will also work.
For simple cleaning, rub in baking soda with a damp sponge and rinse with fresh water.
For tougher jobs, wipe surfaces with vinegar first and follow with baking soda as a scouring powder. (FYI: Vinegar can break down tile grout, so use sparingly.)
- Mix equal parts of white vinegar and hot water
- Apply with sponge over the old wallpaper to soften the adhesive.
- Peel of the lifting paper and reapply the mixture to stubborn patches.
- Open the room windows or use a fan to dissipate the pungent vinegar smell.
Water Rings on Wood:
Water rings on a wooden table or counter are the result of moisture that is trapped under the topcoat, but not the finish.
- Try applying toothpaste or mayonnaise to a damp cloth and rub into the ring.
- Be careful not to run too vigorously so you don’t mar the finish.
- Once the ring is removed, buff the entire wood surface.
*Be sure to follow the recipe, because using too strong a solution of vinegar will etch the glass and eventually cloud it.
- Mix 2 teaspoons of white vinegar with 1 liter (qt) warm water.
- Use a squeegee, crumpled newspaper or cotton cloth to clean.
- Only use black and white newspapers, not the colored ones.
Don’t clean windows if the sun is on them, or if they are warm, as they will streak. The All-Purpose Cleaner (above) also works well on windows too.
A growing number of commercial non-toxic home cleaning products are also available, as healthier and environmentally responsible alternatives. Your use of these products helps promote the growth of green businesses which are contributing to a sustainable economy.