Humans in denial

· Categories: Uncategorized

Cognitive Dissonance

Festinger’s (1957) cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and beliefs in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance).

Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. This produces a feeling of discomfort leading to an alteration in one of the attitudes, beliefs or behaviors to reduce the discomfort and restore balance etc.

For example, when people smoke (behavior) and they know that smoking causes cancer (cognition).

Attitudes may change because of factors within the person. An important factor here is the principle of cognitive consistency, the focus of Festinger’s (1957) theory of cognitive dissonance. This theory starts from the idea that we seek consistency in our beliefs and attitudes in any situation where two cognitions are inconsistent.

Leon Festinger (1957) proposed cognitive dissonance theory, which states that a powerful motive to maintain cognitive consistency can give rise to irrational and sometimes maladaptive behavior.  According to Festinger, we hold many cognitions about the world and ourselves; when they clash, a discrepancy is evoked, resulting in a state of tension known as cognitive dissonance. As the experience of dissonance is unpleasant, we are motivated to reduce or eliminate it, and achieve consonance (i.e. agreement).

Cognitive dissonance was first investigated by Leon Festinger, arising out of a participant observation study of a cult which believed that the earth was going to be destroyed by a flood, and what happened to its members — particularly the really committed ones who had given up their homes and jobs to work for the cult — when the flood did not happen. While fringe members were more inclined to recognize that they had made fools of themselves and to “put it down to experience”, committed members were more likely to re-interpret the evidence to show that they were right all along (the earth was not destroyed because of the faithfulness of the cult members).

Cognitive Dissonance Example

When someone is forced to do (publicly) something they (privately) really don’t want to do, dissonance is created between their cognition (I didn’t want to do this) and their behavior (I did it).  Forced compliance occurs when an individual performs an action that is inconsistent with his or her beliefs. The behavior can’t be changed, since it is already in the past, so dissonance will need to be reduced by re-evaluating their attitude to what they have done. This prediction has been tested experimentally:

cognitive dissonance experiment turning pegs

In an intriguing experiment, Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) asked participants to perform a series of dull tasks (such as turning pegs in a peg board for an hour). As you can imagine, participant’s attitudes toward this task were highly negative. They were then paid either $1 or $20 to tell a waiting participant (relay a confederate) that the tasks were really interesting. Almost all of the participants agreed to walk into the waiting room and persuade the subject accomplice that the boring experiment would be fun.

 

Aim

Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) investigated if making people perform a dull task would create cognitive dissonance through forced compliance behavior.

 

Method

In their laboratory experiment, they used 71 male students as participants to perform a series of dull tasks (such as turning pegs in a peg board for an hour).

They were then paid either $1 or $20 to tell a waiting participant (a confederate) that the tasks were really interesting. Almost all of the participants agreed to walk into the waiting room and persuade the confederate that the boring experiment would be fun.

 

Results

When the participants were asked to evaluate the experiment, the participants who were paid only $1 rated the tedious task as more fun and enjoyable than the participants who were paid $20 to lie.

 

Conclusion

Being paid only $1 is not sufficient incentive for lying and so those who were paid $1 experienced dissonance. They could only overcome that dissonance by coming to believe that the tasks really were interesting and enjoyable. Being paid $20 provides a reason for turning pegs and there is therefore no dissonance.

Critical Evaluation

There has been a great deal of research into cognitive dissonance, providing some interesting and sometimes unexpected findings. It is a theory with very broad applications, showing that we aim for a consistency between attitudes and behaviors, and may not use very rational methods to achieve it. It has the advantage of being testable by scientific means (i.e. experiments).

However, there is a problem from a scientific point of view, because we cannot physically observe cognitive dissonance, and therefore we cannot objectively measure it (re: behaviorism). Consequently, the term cognitive dissonance is somewhat subjective.

There is also some ambiguity (i.e. vagueness) about the term ‘dissonance’ itself. Is it a perception (as ‘cognitive’ suggests), or a feeling, or a feeling about a perception? Aronson’s revision of the idea of dissonance as inconsistency between a person s self-concept and a cognition about their behavior makes it seem likely that dissonance is really nothing more than guilt.

There are also individual differences in whether or not people act as this theory predicts. Highly anxious people are more likely to do so. Many people seem able to cope with considerable dissonance and not experience the tensions the theory predicts.

Finally, many of the studies supporting the theory of cognitive dissonance have low ecological validity. For example, turning pegs (as in Festinger’s experiment) is an artificial task that doesn’t happen in everyday life. Also, the majority of experiments used students as participants which raise issues of a biased sample. Could we generalize the results from such experiments?

 

Umlingo juice potential detoxification side effects are not diseases, its the dirt coming out before the wholesome healing happens. Umlingo juice is there to address the cause, which will eliminate the symptoms.

It took many years for your body to become chemically intoxicated, but only a few months to detox & rejuvenate

 

Experiencing side effects during a natural detox process is actually a sign that the cleansing is removing toxins and imbalances from the body. Essentially, every organ and internal system is dumping out stored wastes into the bloodstream for elimination and preparing for new cell generation.

The Herxheimer Reaction may affect you within a few days, weeks, or the symptoms may come and go throughout the 3 month detox & rejuvenation process.

In fact, some symptoms may appear exacerbated to the point of seeming worse for a while. Lliver detoxification and the bloodstream are two primary causes of bad side effects during detox, because these are the storehouses for poisons and waste within the body.

As the detox process works, large-scale bacteria die off, and massive concentrations of endotoxins are released. These endotoxins represent the actual toxicity within the bacteria. The more endotoxins that are present in the system, the stronger your cleansing reaction will be. If you are bleeding whilst urinating or going to the toilet, reduce your Umlingo portions to just 3 table spoons in a big glas of water, 3 times a day until the bleeding stops. Then increase by 1 table spoon 3 times a day every 2 days until you reach 7-10 table spoons. The bleeding allways stops after a while as Umlingo juice allows the body to fix it self.

 

5 Common Detox Side Effects

Do you suffer from fatigue, skin problems, or do you just feel unhealthy?

If so, you may have heard that a body detox or cleanse is the answer to your problems.

However, before you get started, it is important to familiarize yourself with the possible side effects.

In terms of side effects, it depends on which detox diet approach you take.  For example, the consumption of organic foods is an easy way to detox your body.  When you stop putting unnatural foods into your body, it can start to expel the toxins already built-up.  On the other hand, there is water and juice fasting. These two approaches involve consuming nothing but water and juice respectively.  Since our body is use to and relies on the consumption of solid foods, you will experience more side effects.

Fatigue

It seems ironic that drowsiness and fatigue is a side effect of a body detox or cleanse.  After all, that is one reason why people opt for a cleanse; to cure fatigue.  At the conclusion of your cleanse, you will notice an increase in energy.  During the cleanse, you will experience some downiness and fatigue.  This is common with water fasting or juice fasting, as your body will temporarily lack needed nutrients. With Umlingo juice however there will be increased energy right from day 1 or 2. In cases of malabsorbtion we strongly recommend you use probiotics (Organic Kefir Yoghurt ) from the health shops or our volunteers.

HeadachesHeadaches are common, but they can be a painful and frustrating process when a side effect of detox.  There are various different reasons for this side effect, but withdrawal is the most common reason.  Even if you do not consume drugs or alcohol or smoke cigarettes, you may still notice withdrawal symptoms.  This is common with caffeine.

Even if you only drink two cups of coffee or two cans of soda, your body may have become dependent on caffeine.  During a body detox, you need to eliminate these drinks from your diet.  The end result could be a mild to severe headache.  The good news is that after your cleanse you may finally be free of caffeine, no longer needing it to go about your day. People with long term head aches usually recover within a week of using Umlingo WamaNgcolosi juice.

Increased Urination

Whether you consume organic foods, fruits and vegetables only, or if you opt for a water fast or a juice fast, or the umlingo detox & rejuvenation protocol, a lot of liquids will be put into your body.  These liquids are important, as they help to flush your body of toxins.  Unfortunately, more liquids equal more trips to the bathroom. The more endotoxins that are present in the system, the stronger your cleansing reaction will be. In some cases where patients allready where having blood in their urine or/and stool, it may increase for a short period of time before it stops. It might also stop and re start and then stop again, never did we hear of the bleeding not stopping whilst on Umlingo WamaNgcolosi juice.  However when bleeding whilst urinating or going to the toilet, reduce your Umlingo portions to just 3 table spoons in a big glas of water, 3 times a day until the bleeding stops. Then increase by 1 table spoon 3 times a day every 2 days until you reach 7-10 table spoons 3 times a day again. The bleeding allways stops after a while as Umlingo juice allows the body to fix it self.

Diarrhea

In addition to making more trips to the bathroom to urinate, you may also notice an increase in bowel movements.  At first, this may come in the form of diarrhea.  As embarrassing as this may be, it is good for your body.  Why?  Because it is naturally expelling toxins.  In fact, the more you go to the bathroom, the better your body detox or cleanse is working. The more endotoxins that are present in the system, the stronger your cleansing reaction will be. In some cases where patients allready where having blood in their urine or/and stool, it may increase for a short period of time before it stops. It might also stop and re start and then stop again, never did we hear of the bleeding not stopping whilst on Umlingo WamaNgcolosi juice. However when bleeding whilst urinating or going to the toilet, reduce your Umlingo portions to just 3 table spoons in a big glas of water, 3 times a day until the bleeding stops. Then increase by 1 table spoon 3 times a day every 2 days until you reach 7-10 table spoons 3 times a day again. The bleeding allways stops after a while as Umlingo juice allows the body to fix it self. Many individuals wonder if they need to adjust their diet while on Umlingo WamaNgcolosi juice.  We recommend, yes, eat only all God given foods and abstain from all temptations.  

Nausae

Nausea is another common side effect of a body detox or cleanse. Many people experience this side effect, but the causes for it vary.  If you are addicted to something, such as alcohol, caffeine, or cigarettes, you may experience withdrawal symptoms on a cleanse.  A common symptom of withdrawal is nausea and vomiting.

During the first one to three days of your detox, you will experience intense hunger.  Although the hunger will pass, you may experience nausea.

The above mentioned side effects are just a few of the many you may experience while on Umlingo juice.  It is important to remember that the human body and detox effects vary; therefore, you may be side effect free or experience additional complications, all of which usually are gone within 2 weeks.

Some Common Symptoms During Detox & Solutions for Relief

Some of the most widely reported symptoms of an effective detox are:

Remember, this is a short list of symptoms, and everyone’s will vary depending on any specific illnesses, diseases, and the level of toxicity that your body harbors. However, it is wise to consult with our volunteers and seek nutritional advice about any symptoms that persist or are extremely bothersome. Be sure to let them know when you started and how much Umlingo juice you are using.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*